STD
Date Rape : Kara Strickland
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What is Date Rape?
About half of all people who are raped know the person who attacked them. This is known as date rape — forced sex that occurs at a party or on a date with someone the victim may know, like, or even be interested in or dating.


Who can be a victim of rape?
Girls and women are more likely to be raped, but it can also happen to males. And it's not just males who commit rape. Women commit rape, too.


Here are two key things to know about rape:
  1. The person who is raped is not to blame. Rape is always the rapist's fault. People never "ask for it" because of the clothes they wear or the way they act. If sex is forced against someone's will, it's rape. That's true even when two people are dating or married — even if they've had sex before. You never "owe" someone sex, even if you're a couple.
  2. Rape is not about sex or passion. Forced sex is an act of violence and aggression. It has nothing to do with love. Healthy relationships are about respect. Someone who really cares about you will respect your wishes and not force or pressure you to do anything sexual without your agreement.


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Date Rape Drugs

Alcohol and drugs can play a role in date rapes. Drinking can loosen inhibitions, reduce common sense, and — for some people — allow aggressive tendencies to surface.

Common Date Rape Drugs:

  • rohypnol, called roofies, lunch money, or mind erasers
  • GHB (gamma hydroxybutyric acid), called cherry meth, energy drink, gook
  • ketamine, called bump, special K, and super acid

These drugs can be mixed in to drinks and are almost impossible to detect, especially in dark-colored drinks such as cola or dark beer, or in a dark room. These drugs make people feel weak and confused and can cause them to pass out and forget everything that happened while they were on the drug.


These drugs are powerful and dangerous, and mixing them with alcohol is especially dangerous. People can end up dead if they're given a date rape drug when they've been drinking.
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Date Rape Nail Polish


Ways to avoid this from happening:
  • Avoid secluded places when you're in the early stages of dating or just getting to know someone. Going someplace where you can't get help can be risky if you don't know the person you're with. That includes your room or the other person's. Wait until you trust your partner before going anywhere private or out of the way. Always be sure to have your cellphone fully charged so you can call for help.
  • Don't spend time alone with someone who makes you feel uncomfortable. Always trust your instincts. If a situation doesn't feel right, get out.
  • Stay sober and aware. If you're with someone you don't know very well, stay aware of what's going on around you. Never drink something that has already been poured or opened, even if it's just a cola or an iced tea. Date rape drugs are more easily disguised in dark-colored drinks.
  • Be aware of your date's ability to agree to sex. You may be guilty of rape if the other person has been drinking, doing drugs, or is not in a condition to respond or react.
  • Be clear about what kind of relationship you want with the person. If you are not ready for hooking up, sex, or touching, or you're not sure, let the other person know.
  • Don't let peer pressure push you into something you don't want to do. "Everybody's doing it" is a myth. Most teens are not having sex, even if they are talking about it.
  • Go out with a group of friends and watch out for each other. Don't be afraid to ask for help if you feel threatened.
  • Take self-defense courses. These can build confidence and teach valuable physical techniques you can use to get away from an attacker.




What to do if you or someone you know is a victim of rape:


Immediately After a Rape


  • If you're hurt, go straight to the emergency room. Most medical centers and hospital emergency departments have doctors and counselors trained to take care of someone who has been raped
  • Call, text, or find someone you feel safe with. Tell them what happened or what you are concerned about.
  • If you want to report the rape, go to the hospital right away. To keep as much of the physical evidence as you can, don't change clothes, don't wash, and, if possible, don't use the bathroom before you go in.
  • If you aren't sure what to do, call a rape crisis center.Search online for local numbers or call the national sexual assault hotline at (800) 656-HOPE. Rape crisis calls are anonymous and confidential. The counselor can explain the law in your area and give you advice on what to do. Hospitals and police stations also know how to help you if you are not sure what to do next.
  • Write down as much as you can remember about what happened, and take pictures if that helps you remember.


Up to 72 Hours After a Rape


  • If you want to report the rape, go to the hospital as soon as you can. If possible, don't change clothes, don't wash, and don't use the bathroom. But if you've already done these things, don't let that stop you from getting help. Take as much evidence with you as you can — like underwear or other clothing that hasn't been washed yet. Doctors can gather DNA evidence several days after a rape. The hospital also will check you for STDs (sexually transmitted diseases), give girls a pregnancy test, and give you medicine if you need it.
  • If you aren't sure what to do, call a rape crisis center.Search online for local numbers or call the national sexual assault hotline at (800) 656-HOPE. Rape crisis calls are anonymous and confidential. The counselor can explain the law in your area and give you advice on what to do.


More Than 72 Hours After a Rape


  • If you want to report the rape, call the police or a rape crisis center. A rape crisis center is a good place to start if you were raped a while ago. They can give you advice on the best approach to take (for instance, if you should go to the hospital or contact the police first).
  • If you just want to talk or need counseling, call a rape support line. Search online for local numbers or call the national sexual assault hotline at (800) 656-HOPE. Rape crisis calls are anonymous and confidential. They will put you in touch with someone in your area who can help. Some rape crisis centers offer short-term counseling help.





Reporting a Rape


The sooner a rape is reported, the better. Quick reporting increases the chances that rapists will be caught and can prevent them from hurting someone else.


If you're not sure about reporting a rape because you know the person, you can talk to a counselor at your local rape crisis center to find out what to do. You can report a rape months or, in some states, even years after it happens. Different states have different rules. To find out more about rape laws in your area, go to the Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network (RAINN) website (__www.rainn.org__).

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The closest center for us is in Arlington Heights. It is called the Northwest Center Against Sexual Assault.

Statistics
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Sources:
https://rainn.org/get-information/statistics/sexual-assault-offenders

http://kidshealth.org/teen/your_mind/relationships/date_rape.html#

https://rainn.org/get-information/statistics/sexual-assault-victims





STI: Kenneth Gouwens




STI's

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What is an STI?

An STI, or sexually transmitted infection is an infection that occurs through sexual contact via shared bacteria, viruses, or parasites. There are many different types of STIs, but today I'm going to be covering 3 of the most common among Americans aged 16-35. They are:
  1. Genital Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
  2. Chlamydia
  3. Trichomoniasis

Genital Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

HPV, is the number 1 STI in America, with a reported 14 million new cases documented every year. With over 40 types of HPV, it can affect a multitude of body parts, ranging from the mouth all the way to the anus. If not treated, it can cause health issues ranging from warts, all the way to cervical cancer.

It is often symptom-less!!!

Many people don't even know they or their sexual partner is infected with it.


The below images are what a case may look like.
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There are ways to prevent HPV. Such methods are;
  1. Get vaccinated
  2. Limit your number of sexual partners
  3. Use a condom (male or female)
  4. Circumcision (for males)
  5. Have a healthy diet. One with low sugars and fats, and high in veggies, fruits, and vitamins and minerals.


Chlamydia

Chlamydia affects both men and women and can get transferred through anal, vaginal, and oral sex with anyone infected with the disease. It can be very harmful for women in particular due to the risks it poses to the woman's reproductive system. It may make it very difficult or even impossible for a woman to become pregnant later in life. If your sex partner is male, he doesn't have to ejaculate in order for you to become infected. The only way to completely avoid chlamydia is to avoid sexual contact. However, there are ways to help reduce the risk of becoming infected. They are; being in a long term relationship with someone and have them tested for STDs, and using safe sex.

Symptoms generally go unnoticed, as they may appear weeks after having sex with someone who has chlamydia. It is possible to be cured of chlamydia, however, you will need to be prescribed medication from your doctor.


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https://youtu.be/7xgZCbFn1Bo







Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is considered the most common curable STD. In the United States, an estimated 3.7 million people have the infection, but only about 30% develop any symptoms of trichomoniasis. It is caused by infection with a protozoan parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis. Although symptoms of the disease vary, most women and men who have the parasite cannot tell they are infected. Infection is more common among women than men, and older women are more likely to have been infected.


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How do people get trichomoniasis?

The parasite is passed from an infected person to an uninfected person during sex. In women, the most commonly infected part of the body is the lower genital tract (vulva, vagina, or urethra), and in men, the most commonly infected body part is the inside of the penis (urethra). During sex, the parasite is usually transmitted from a penis to a vagina, or from a vagina to a penis, but it can also be passed from a vagina to another vagina. It is not common for the parasite to infect other body parts, like the hands, mouth, or anus.





How can it be prevented?

Using latex condoms properly every time you engage in sexual activities. Although this will help prevent the contraction of the disease, it doesn't cover all the area and it is still possible for one to contract "trich." The only way to completely avoid becoming infected is to refrain from any sexual contact with infected persons.





What to do if you suspect you have an STI

If you are suspicious that you or your partner have an STI, make sure to contact your primary care physician as soon as possible. Also, refrain from any sexual contact until you and your partner are cleared. They can set up a lab visit and administer tests to help determine if you or your partner is infected.






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STIs are more common among younger people due to the fact that they are inexperienced and often don't think about what could happen after sex.

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http://www.everydayhealth.com/sexual-health-pictures/ways-to-prevent-hpv-0117.aspx#09

https://www.healthgrades.com/conditions/7-most-common-sexually-transmitted-diseases

http://www.cdc.gov/std/trichomonas/stdfact-trichomoniasis.htm