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By: Korynne Slater

What you should know about Diabetes.....









http://www.amara.org/en/videos/kHa4EOLjk0ZJ/info/diabetes-made-simple/









Type 1 Diabetes:


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  • More severe
  • Less common
  • Autoimmune disease (your body's immune system attacks insulin producing cells inhibiting glucose processing
  • Not preventable
  • Most cases diagnosed before 40 years old
  • appears suddenly
  • Have to regularly take insulin
  • The person's own body has destroyed the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas, ultimately not producing insulin

Type 2 Diabetes:

  • A metabolic disorder where pancreas doesn't produce sufficient insulin amount
for sugar processing in the bloodstream, or cells become resistant to the effects
  • Insulin: hormone that enables body's cells to absorb and breakdown glucose to use as energy
  • Majority of diabetes diagnoses 90-95%


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Symptoms and Complications:
  • Excessive thirst
  • Frequent bathroom trips
  • fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Nerve damage
  • Blurred vision
  • Muscle Cramps
  • Constipation
  • Poor wound healing Increased chance of infections
  • Diabetic coma (ketoacidosis)
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Amputations (feet very common)
  • Kidney disease
  • Eye disease and blindness
  • Infectious diseases
  • Gum and tooth disease
  • Chronic pain


SOME INTERESTING FACTS:
  • 65% of diabetics die from heart disease or stroke.
  • Number one leading cause of death in the world.
  • Third type of diabetes is called gestational diabetes. Raised blood sugar. Women with gestational diabetes are at an increased risk of complications when they are pregnant and while delivering the baby. The mother and her baby are at increased risks of developing Type 2 diabetes in the future.
  • Type 2 diabetes is much more common then Type 1 diabetes.
  • Majority of death due to diabetes occur in low middle income countries- people aren't able to get the resources or medicine other people may be able to receive.
  • Diabetes is an important cause of blindness, amputation and kidney failure!




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IF YOU ARE......
  • 45 years or older
  • Obese or overweight
  • Had gestational diabetes
  • Had other family members who have suffered from Diabetes II
  • Are pre-diabetic
  • Don't exercise
  • Have a low HDL cholesterol
  • Have high blood pressure
  • Are members of certain racial or ethnic groups ( Native Americans, African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans or Pacific Islanders
................you have a greater chance of getting diabetes or being a diabetic.

sad truth is.......... more and more kids are being diagnosed now and it has lots to do with diet and exercise!!!

YES, THERE ARE WAYS TO PREVENT THIS AWFUL DISEASE:

  • Going to a doctor regularly
  • Weight management
  • Eating healthy
  • Exercise regularly (30 min at least a day)
  • Keeping in overall general good health
  • DO NOT SMOKE!
  • Limiting alcohol consumption
Everything in moderation


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Treatment:

  • 24 hour diet/healthy eating
  • Monitoring
  • Medicines
  • Insulin
  • Regular exercise

Blood Sugar Monitoring:

  • Check and record blood sugar level 1x a day or 3-5x a week
  • Depends on severity of case and doctor
  • Blood sugar levels are unpredictable and can change without warning



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Blood Sugar Changes:

Food: Depends on what and how much you eat. Your blood sugar rate is typically highest 1 to 2 hours after a meal
Exertion: Moves the sugar from your blood into your cells. Your blood sugar will be lower, the more active you are
Medications
Illness: Your body raises your blood sugar level during a cold or other illness
Alcohol
Stress: hormones may prevent insulin from working properly
Hormones in women/menopause

Medicines:

  1. Most newly diagnosed prescribed metformin,
  2. Metformin: improves body tissues' sensitivity to insulin and lowers the liver's production of glucose
  3. Oral or injected medications
  4. Some stimulate pancreas to produce and release more insulin
  5. Some block action of enzymes that break down carbs in the intestine

Insulin Therapy
(needed only if your case is severe)

  • Injected
  • Use a fine needle and syringe
  • Insulin pen injector

Types of insulin:

  1. Rapid-acting: 15 minutes to reach the bloodstream, works for 2 to 4 hours.
  2. Regular or short-acting: 30 minutes to reach bloodstream, works for 3 to 6 hours.
  3. Intermediate-acting: 2 to 4 hours, works for 12 to 18 hours.
  4. Long-acting: several hours, works for around 24 hours.




http://www.amara.org/en/videos/utX0Udf1Byc2/info/the-role-of-insulin-in-the-human-body/


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SITES I GOT THIS INFORMATION FROM:

http://www.diabetes.org/are-you-at-risk/
http://www.servier.co.uk/disease-information/diabetes/long-term-effects-and-complications.asp
http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/treatment-and-care/medication/insulin/insulin-basics.html
https://www.google.com/search?q=diabetes

http://www.who.int/features/factfiles/diabetes/en/

http://blog.houstonmethodist.org/decoding-type-2-diabetes/

http://www.flcrc.com/studies/type-2-diabetes-clinical-trial-in-orlando-florida/


http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/7504.php


http://www.theneuropathysolution.com/?hop=dewia25