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By Korynne and Namara

What is Dental care?

Dental care is the maintenance of healthy teeth.

Forms include:

  • Oral Dental: the practice of keeping the mouth and tooth clean in order to prevent cavities,gum disease, and other dental disorders.

  • Dentistry , the professional care of teeth, including professional oral dental and dental surgery.

Dental Treatment?

  • The majority of dental treatments are carried out to prevent or treat the two most common oral disease which are dental caries (tooth decay) and periodontal diesease (gum disease or pyorrhea). Common treatments involve the restoration of disease, extraction or surgical removal of teeth, scaling and root planing and endodontic root canal treatment.

  • By nature of their general training they can carry out the majority of dental treatments such as restorative (fillings, crowns, bridges), prosthetic (detures ), endodontic (root canal) therapy, periodontal (gum) therapy, and extraction of teeth, as well as performing examinations, radiographs (x-rays) and diagnosis. Dentists can also prescribe medications such as antibiotics, sedatives, and any other drugs used in patient management.


EDUCATION
  • All dentists in the United States undergo at least three years of undergraduate studies, but nearly all complete a bachelors degree. This schooling is followed by four years of dental school to qualify as a "Doctor of Dental Surgery" (DDS) or "Doctor of Dental Medicine" (DMD). Dentists need to complete additional qualifications or continuing education to carry out more complex treatments such as sedation, oral and Maximilianus surgery, and dental implants.



What is Gingivitis?

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  • Gingivitis Inflammation of the gum tissues is a non-destructive periodontal disease. The most common form of gingivitis, and the most common form of periodontal disease overall, is in response to bacterial bio films also called plaque adherent to tooth surfaces, termed plaque-induced gingivitis. Gingivitis is reversible with good oral hygiene. However in the absence of treatment, or if not controlled, gingivitis can progress to periodontists - where the inflammation results in tissue destruction and alveolar bone resorption, which can ultimately lead to tooth loss.


What are the symptoms of Gingivitis?


    • Swollen gums

    • Soft, puffy gumsexternal image Gingivitis-symptoms.jpg?la=en-US&v=1-201511122012

    • Receding gums

    • Occasionally, tender gums

    • Gums that bleed easily when you brush or floss, sometimes seen as redness or pinkness on your brush or floss

    • A change in the color of your gums from a healthy pink to dusky red

    • Bad breath.

What do X-rays show?

  • X-rays can show the condition of your teeth, their roots, jaw placement and the overall composition of your facial bones. X-rays can help your dentist determine the presence or degree of periodontal (gum) disease, cavities, abscesses and many abnormal growths, such as cysts and tumors.

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Dental X-ray Film

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  • Dental Radio graphs are commonly called x-rays. Dentists use radio graphs for many reasons: to find hidden dental structures, malignant or benign masses, bone loss, and cavities.

  • A radio graphic image is formed by a controlled burst of X-ray radiation which penetrates oral structures at different levels, depending on varying anatomical densities, before striking the film or sensor. Teeth appear lighter because less radiation penetrates them to reach the film. Dental caries, infections and other changes in the bone density, and the periodontal ligament, appear darker because X-rays readily penetrate these less dense structures. Dental restorations (fillings, crowns) may appear lighter or darker, depending on the density of the material.


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  • Dental Radiography are commonly called x-rays. Dentists use radiography for many reasons: to find hidden dental structures, malignant or benign masses, bone loss, and cavities.

  • A radio graphic image is formed by a controlled burst of X-ray radiation which penetrates oral structures at different levels, depending on varying anatomical densities, before striking the film or sensor. Teeth appear lighter because less radiation penetrates them to reach the film. Dental Caries, infections and other changes in the bone density, and the periodontal ligament, appear darker because X-rays readily penetrate these less dense structures. Dental restorations (fillings, crowns) may appear lighter or darker, depending on the density of the material.


Costs of x-rays
Arlington Heights, Buffalo Grove: $99
Elk Grove: $85-$250

Cleaning teeth:



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Cleaning

  • Teeth cleaning is part of oral hygiene and involves the removal of dental plaque from teeth with the intention of preventing cavities (dental caries), gingivitis, and periodontal disease. People routinely clean their own teeth by brushing and inter-dental cleaning, and dental hygienist can remove hardened deposits (tartar) not removed by routine cleaning. Those with dentures and natural teeth may supplement their cleaning with a denture cleaners.Most dental hygienists recommend having the teeth professionally cleaned every six months.

  • More frequent cleaning and examination may be necessary during treatment of dental and other oral disorders. Routine examination of the teeth is recommended at least every year. This may include yearly, select dental x-ray. See also dental plaque identification procedure and removal. Good oral hygiene helps to prevent cavities, tartar build-up, and gum disease.


Cleaning Costs

Arlington Heights, Buffalo Grove: $135
Elk Grove: $75-$200 without insurance
Adult: $82 ; Children: $61


The importance of brushing:

  • Tooth brushing is a form of hygiene in which a person cleans their teeth with a toothbrush.

  • Modern medical research has shown that brushing teeth properly can prevent cavities, and periodontal or gum disease, which causes at least one-third of adult tooth loss. If teeth are not brushed correctly and frequently, it could lead to the calcification of saliva minerals, forming tartar. Poor dental health has been associated with heart disease and shortened life expectancy.

  • The toothbrush is an oral hygiene instrument used to clean the teeth and gums that consists of a head of tightly clustered bristle mounted on a handle, which facilitates the cleansing of hard-to-reach areas of the mouth.

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day. When you brush, don't rush!

  • Use the proper equipment.

  • Practice good technique.

  • Keep your equipment clean.

  • Know when to replace your toothbrush.

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  • Toothpaste is a paste used to clean and improve the appearance and health of teeth. It is almost always used in conjunction with a toothbrush. Toothpaste use can promote:

  • good oral hygiene

  • it can aid in the removal of dental plaque and food from the teeth

  • Good dental or oral care is important to maintaining healthy teeth, gums and tongue

  • Oral problems, including bad breath, dry mouth, canker or cold sores, tooth decay, or thrush are all treatable with proper diagnosis and care.


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Flossing:

  • In addition to brushing, cleaning between teeth may help to prevent build-up of plaque bacteria on the teeth. This may be done with dental floss or inter dental brushing.

  • 80% of cavities occur in the grooves, or pits and fissures, of the chewing surfaces of the teeth Special appliances or tools may be used to supplement tooth brushing and inter-dental cleaning. These include special toothpicks, oral irrigater, and other devices

  • Don't skip

  • Be gentle

  • Take it one tooth at a time.

  • Keep it up

  • Teeth cleaning is a procedure for the removal of tartar (mineralized plaque) that may develop even with careful brushing and flossing, especially in areas that are difficult to reach in routine tooth brushing. It is often done by a dental hygiene. Professional cleaning includes tooth scaling and tooth polishing and abridgment if too much tartar has accumulated.





Braces:

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Braces are often placed in patients between 10 and 14 years of age to correct crooked or overcrowded teeth.

  • Good oral hygiene with braces is so important because food and plaque can get trapped in the tiny spaces between braces and wires, causing decay and enamel stains. Food can also react with the bacteria in your mouth and the metal in the braces to produce a bleaching effect, which can cause small, permanent light spots on the teeth.

  • How long do braces have to be worn? It depends on how complicated the spacing or occlusion (bite) problem is. Most braces are worn for 18 to 30 months. After the braces are removed, the patient wears a retainer, which is used to maintain the position of the teeth while setting and aligning the tissues that surround the newly-straightened teeth.

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Cost?

Arlington Heights, Buffalo Grove: $4,800
Elk Grove: range up to $1000-$5000





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Dental Care and Cost

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cleaning:
Arlington heights Rd,Buffalo Grove: $135.00
Elk Grove: $75.00-$200.00

x-ray:
Arlington heights Rd, Buffalo Grove: $99.00
Elk Grove: $85.00-$250.00

flouride treatment:
Arlington heights Rd, Buffalo Grove: $20.00-$50.00
Elk Grove:$100.00-$300.00

cavity fillings:
arlington heights Rd, Buffalo Grove: $273.00
Elk Grove:$50.00-$450.00

bridges:
Arlington heights Rd, Buffalo Grove: $3500-5000
Elk Grove: $4,000- $6,000

extraction:
Arlington heights Rd, Buffalo Grove: $335.00
Elk Grove: $400.00

braces:
Arlington heights Rd, Buffalo Grove: $4,800
Elk Grove: $1,000-5,000

peridontal work:
Arlington heights Rd, Buffalo Grove: $69.00
Elk Grove: $80.00

root canal:
Arlington heights Rd, Buffalo Grove: $849.00-$1,000
Elk Grove: $900.00- $2,000

sealants:
Arlington heights Rd, Buffalo Grove: $275
Elk Grove: $20.00- $300.00

implants:
Arlington heights Rd, Buffalo Grove: $600-$1,000
Elk Grove: $1,000-$3,000